They will adapt to growing in a low light area, but they won’t grow as vigorously. If you don’t have a bright room to grow your dumb cane, then you could add a small grow light to help keep the plant from growing too leggy. My green thumb comes from my parents, and I've been gardening most of my life. If the stem or leaves are chewed, they will cause swelling and pain in the mouth—and, therefore, temporary speechlessness. However, the good news is that pests rarely affect dumb cane plants. Curling of Dieffenbachia leaves are usually caused by spider mites or other types of pests, but could also be caused by excess fertilizer, under watering, or extreme temperature changes like … However, the tell-tale sign of these houseplant pests is webbing under the leaves and on the stems. The easiest way is to mist the plant leaves once or twice a week. Shriveled leaves caused by underwatering. Replant in a new container with the appropriate type of potting mix. And like I said, they will get leggy much faster without adequate lighting. To keep dieffenbachia from growing leggy, pinch or prune out the new growth at the top regularly. The types of Dieffenbachia flowers look similar to other aroid plants in the family Araceae, such as species of anthurium. Dieffenbachia is a hardy plant species that can tolerate some drought. Your email address will not be published. There are lots of different species and cultivars out there these days, and they are all gorgeous! Here’s how to grow dieffenbachia. Its striking lush leaves are usually marked in shades of cream, yellow, or white, making dieffenbachia a great addition to any area. Dieffenbachia seguine ‘Tropic Snow’ has large creamy-pale green leaves with darker green margins and midrib. Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia spp.) Grows to 22 inches tall. A lack of humidity is the most likely reason why Dieffenbachia leaves turn brown. Just make sure you check the soil before watering by sticking your finger about an inch into the dirt. These indoor plants tolerate low light, but they love warm temperatures and humidity. Native to the tropics of Central and South America, it has huge variegated leaves. Good luck! The plant is near a cold draft or an air conditioning vent. Other organic fertilizers that I like using are this houseplant fertilizer or a general purpose plant food. The Dieffenbachia's broad, patterned leaves … Primarily grown for foliage, dieffenbachia rarely flowers, but when it does, the bloom looks a bit like a peace lily. Dumb cane are perfect low light houseplants because they actually don’t like it when they get too much light, especially direct sunlight. One of the most common species, Dieffenbachia Camilla is characterized by oval shaped leaves with a pointed apex. You can then transfer the rooted Dieffenbachia cutting to a new pot. Or if it’s in a 10″ pot, put it into a 12″ or 14″ pot. Even the way it grows is showy, new leaves curling … Dieffenbachia oerstedii (left) and Dieffenbachia ‘Tropical Rain’ (right). I have a tropical house plant (90% sure its a Dumb Cane/Dieffenbachia) that went through a bit of trauma about 6 months ago. You can move your dieffenbachia outdoors during the summer, and they will flourish. Follow the directions below for fertilizing dumb cane plants. The number one cause of dieffenbachia houseplant death is overwatering!! If it no longer feels damp, then it’s time to water. So long as it's just the older leaves yellowing and dying off I don't think it's a major problem. Your email address will not be published. Cultivars of Dieffenbachia maculata. is a houseplant named for the toxic sap its canelike stems exude when cut … The key is to keep the soil moist but never soggy, and give the cutting lots of humidity. Sucking insects, such as aphids, can distort leaves and cause leaf curling. Read More... How do you manage to have your dumb canes so bushy. Yes, and you should make it part of your normal dieffenbachia care routine. Download your copy today! As with most tropical houseplants, Dieffenbachia prefers moist soil with good drainage. However, the other day I noticed a rot at the base of one of the leaves of one of the plants. If you grow your dumb cane plants in a west- or south-facing room, keep them away from the window or have the plants behind a sheer curtain. But, like any houseplant, a dumb cane will definitely benefit from a being fed. Dumb cane plants are in the genus Dieffenbachia which is native to the tropics in Central and South America. What’s With The Weird Dieffenbachia Common Name? It recently shed nearly all its old leaves (as of 3 months ago) and has new leaves as of 2 months ago. Dieffenbachia plants grow vigorously in bright, indirect light and warm temperatures. New leaves will grow just below the place you made the cut. The dumb cane got the name because there is a chemical in the sap that can cause temporary loss of speech if any part of the plant is chewed or eaten. To water your dieffenbachia, give it a good soaking until the water starts to run out of the drainage holes. On the other hand, if the room is too dark, they’ll quickly grow tall and leggy. Common dieffenbachia plant types or names you may come across are seguine, compacta, maculata, golden sunset, camilla (aka camille), amoena plant. That’s why they’re grown more for the beautiful foliage than for the flowers. In this picture the creamy-white spike (called spadix) is the flower, and the pale green modified leaf is called bract or spathe. Some dieffenbachia varieties have dark green leaves, many with white spotting. There are some reasons for yellowing leaves such as: If the entire plant is healthy and has a few yellow leaves showing up throughout the years, those are most possibly old leaves. Am I right?! However, you may find that if you care well for your Dieffenbachia, you don’t have to use any fertilizer. What to do if Dieffenbachia has small leaves. And never repot a sick or ailing plant to try to save it. Diseases that affect Dieffenbachia plants are usually due to overwatering. You can also subscribe without commenting. The section above titled “Repotting Dieffenbachia Plants” will give you more details about that. Small white spots on dumb cane leaves could also be calcium from hard water. Beautiful large dieffenbachia floor plants. To be sure, simply slide the plant out of the pot and take a look at the roots. Like I said, it can be grown outdoors in your shade garden, but must be protected from cold there too. Both of these leaves are on the top of my plant, and were the healthiest looking leaves. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. The good news is that, no matter which type you have, dieffenbachia care is the same for all! To repot your Dieffenbachia plant, choose a container that is one or two sizes bigger and which has drainage holes. Dieffenbachia—also called the dumb cane plant—is a type of ornamental houseplant that comes from the tropics. Keep the temperature between 65°F and 75°F (18°C – 23°C) for the best growth. See the “Dieffenbachia Watering Instructions” section above for details about watering dumb canes. Dumb cane plants generally need medium to bright, indirect sunlight to thrive. The plant is over watered; the roots have rotted, and the plant is dying. Cool drafts can cause the plant’s leaves to yellow and curl, so keep it in a spot with temperatures above 60 degrees. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Please read this article on tall houseplants if you are looking for indoor plants that grow over 3 feet (1 meter) tall. These tropical houseplants rarely—if ever—flower indoors. Drenching the soil this way helps to remove excess fertilizer. Also, leaf drop is another sign of insufficient light. Dieffenbachia Pests and Diseases. Variegated dieffenbachia are even more stunning, and some have bright green or almost white leaves with dark edges. Leaf burn around the edges, along with stunted new leaves, can indicate over-fertilization. AGLAONEMA PROBLEMS CURLING, LIMP, OR DROOPY LEAVES. Dieffenbachias come in a number of cultivars with different sizes, colors, and variegation patterns. how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here, How To Grow Spider Plants: The Ultimate Care Guide, How To Take Care Of A Money Tree Plant (Pachira aquatica), How To Care For A Pothos Plant (Devil’s Ivy), 17 Of The Best Office Plants For Your Workspace, 15 Easy Indoor Plants That Anyone Can Grow, How To Fertilize Houseplants: The Ultimate Guide, Terms Of Use, Disclaimer & Privacy Policy. If you decide to use fertilizer, it’s essential to flush the soil every so often. The Dieffenbachia is susceptible to spider mites, but placing it out of the direct stream of air vents and increasing the humidity around the plant with a … It’s normal for the bottom leaves to turn yellow, and eventually die and drop off. Dumb cane plants contain poisonous substances—calcium oxalates—than can cause irritation and swelling. Primarily grown for foliage, dieffenbachia rarely flowers, but when it does, the bloom looks a bit like a peace lily. They are extremely tolerant of any indoor environment, and are super easy to grow houseplants (heck, they practically take care of themselves). As long as the temperature doesn’t drop below 60°F (15°C) and it’s in a shaded or partly shaded place, the plant will grow well and stay healthy. SYMPTOMS: Edges of leaves curl inward and form a cup, even when the lights are off. It recently shed nearly all its old leaves (as of 3 months ago) and has new leaves as of 2 months ago. Likewise, what's wrong with my dumb cane plant? Temperature issues in winter can be due to the Dieffenbachia being near hot radiators. Simply cut them back all the way down to the main stem. They need the perfect growing conditions in order to flower, and it can be difficult to get it just right in the average home. Although Dieffenbachia plants are flowering tropical plants, they rarely—if ever—flower indoors. See to the “Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems” section above for more details. Signs of overwatering include dumb cane leaves that turn yellow. The solution is to mist the leaves more frequently. Only go up one or two sizes in pots, or the plant may have a difficult time becoming established in the new pot. They could even be grown in your shade garden if you live in a warm climate. Dumb canes can live for many years, and some varieties can grow to be several feet tall, creating a very large floor plants. But don’t worry, you’ll get the hang of it in no time! 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